Status dan Kedudukan Saksi Perempuan dalam Hukum Islam dan KUHPerdata

Authors

  • Zainal Fanani Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam At-Tahdzib Jombang
  • Ahmad Insya’ Ansori Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam At-Tahdzib Jombang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61181/at-tahdzib.v12i1.373

Keywords:

Civil Code, Witnesses, Islamic Law

Abstract

Background. The issue of gender equality that arises essentially lies in human rights (al-kulliyyât al-Khaimah), by placing more equality before the law as the core of equality of opportunity, spreading in the aspect of women's testimony before the law. For this reason, it is important to underline that the main problem of testimony is inseparable from gender.

Aim. This research focuses on women's testimony to Islamic law and the Civil Code.

Methods. Using comparative techniques with descriptive analysis, the following research results were obtained: the status and position of women as witnesses in religious courts from the point of view of Islamic law, the status of the testimony of one man is the same as that of two women.

Results. The point of the difference is not to doubt the ability of women, it's just because in the business world that is done during the day until night men should do the signing and testimony of all kinds of business. Suppose there is a woman who is a witness. In that case, she must have an additional woman who serves to strengthen the testimony they do, because it could be that at any time one of the two is unable to attend to give testimony or has forgotten the object he witnessed in the past. The equal value of male and female testimony in the Law of Civil Procedure in Religious Courts is because the witness is positioned as one of the evidence, the task of witnesses in civil procedural law is to prove the existence or absence of something legal action. In short, if the witness is positioned as a pillar, it must follow as specified in the Qur'an.

References

Abduh, Muhammad dan Muhammad Rasyid Ridha, Tafsir al-Manar, Juz 111 (Mesir: Dar al Manan, 1367 H)

Abu al-Harm All Muhammad ibn Habib al-Mawwardi al-Bashri, An-Nukat wa al Tabir al-Uyun Tafsir Mawardi, Juz I (Beirut-Libanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ihniyah. T.th)

Al-Hanafi, Imam Alauddin Abi Bakar bin Mas’ud Al-Khasany, Bida’i Al-Sina’i, (Beirut: Dar Fikr, t.th) juz 6

Al-Zuhaily, Wahbah, al-Fiqh al-Islami Wa Adillatuh, Juz 9, (Suriah Dar al-Fikr: Damsyiq Suriah, 1422/2002), Cet. 4

Al-Adwi, Musthafa, Jami’Ahkamun Nisa’ (Kairo: Dar Ibnu Affan, 1999) Cet ke-1, Juz 4

Al-Bukhari, Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad bin Ismail al-Bukhari, Shahih al-Bukhari, Juz I (Cet. III; Bairut: Dar Ibnu Katsir, 1407 H/1987 M)

Al-Dimyati, Sayid Abu Bakr, I’anatu al-Talibin, Juz 3-4, (Beirut Libanon: Ihya’ al-Turas al-Araby, tth.), Cet. 4

Al-Jauziyah, Ibnu Qayyim, Thurukul Hukmiyah fi Siyasah Syar’iyah, tahqiq Naif bin Ahmad Hammad (Beirut: Darul Ilmi Fawaid, 1995) Jilid 1

Al-Jazairy, Abdurrahman, Kitab al-Fiqh 'ala al-Madzahib al-Arba'ah, Juz V (Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah, 2003)

Al-Kahlani, Ismail, Subul as-Salam, Juz IV, (Semarang-Indonesia: Taha Putera, Tth)

Al-Maraghi, Musthafa, Tafsir al-Maraghi, Juz III (Beirut: Dar al-Fikr. 1974)

Anshori Anshori, “Kesaksian Wanita Dalam Pandangan Ulama Tafsir,” AHKAM: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah 13, no. 2 (7 Agustus 2013), https://doi.org/10.15408/ajis.v13i2.942.

Arabi, Ibnu, Ahkam al-Qur'an, Juz 1, h. 332. Abu Zahrah, Zuhrah at-Tafasir, Jilid II, (Mesir: Dar al-Fikr al-'Arabi, Tth)

Arikunto, Suharsimi. Prosedur Penelitian, Suatu Pendekatan Praktek (Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1990)

Ashofa, Burhan, Metode Penelitian Hukum, (Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1998)

Asy-Syafi’i, Imam Abi Abdullah Muhammad bin Idris, Al-Umm (Beirut: Kutub Al-Ilmiyah , 1993 ) Juz 7

Bintania, Aris, Hukum Acara Peradilan Agama dalam Kerangka Fiqh al-Qadha, (Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2012)

Bintania, Aris, Hukum Acara Peradilan Agama dalam Kerangka Fiqh al-Qadha, (Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2012)

Chatib Rasyid dan Syaifuddin, Hukum Acara Perdata Dalam Teori Dan Praktik Pada Peradilan Agama (Yogyakarta: UII Press, 2009)

Departemen Agama RI, Bahan Penyuluhan Hukum, (Jakarta: Dirjen Pembinaan Kelembagaan, 1996/1997)

Djalil, Basiq, Peradilan Islam, (Jakarta: Amzah, 2012)

Fazlurrahman, Major Themes in the Quran (Chicago: Minniapolis , 1982)

Harahap, M. Yahya, S.H., Hukum Acara Perdata (Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2010)

Hasyim, Syafiq, Hal-hal yang Tak Terfikirkan tentang Isu-Isu Keperempuanan dalam Islam, (Bandung: Mizan, 2001)

Ihsanudin, Mohammad Najib, Sri Hidayati (eds), Panduan pengajaran Fiqh Perempuan di Pesantren (Yogyakarta: YKF dan Ford Foundation, 2002)

Kementrian Agama RI, Al-Qur’an Tajwid dan Terjemahan (Bandung: PT Sygma, 2010).

KONTROVERSI KESAKSIAN PEREMPUAN DALAM QS AL-BAQARAH (2): 282 ANTARA MAKNA NORMATIF DAN SUBSTANTIF DENGAN PENDEKATAN HUKUM ISLAM | Asriaty | YUDISIA: Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum dan Hukum Islam,” diakses 23 Juni 2021, https://journal.iainkudus.ac.id/index.php/Yudisia/article/view/2136.

M. Abdul Mujieb, Mabruri Tholhah dan Syafi‟ah (eds), Kamus Istilah Fiqih, (Jakarta: PT. Pustaka Firdaus, 1994)

Makarao, Moh. Taufik, Pokok-pokok Hukum Acara Perdata (Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2009)

Manan, Abdul, Penerapan Hukum Acara Perdata Di Lingkungan Peradilan Agama (Jakarta: Kencana, 2006)

Marzuki, Metodologi Riset, (Yogyakarta: Prasatia Widya Pratama, 2002)

Mertokusumo, Sudikno, Hukum Acara Perdata Indonesia (Yogyakarta: Liberty, 2006)

Moloeng, Lexy J., Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif (Bandung: Rosda Karya, 1995), Cet. VI

Mushthafa, Ibrahim, al-Mu'jam al-Wasit, Juz 1, h. 497.

Nata, Abudin. Metodologi Studi Islam (Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2010)

Pelu, Ibnu Elmi A. S. dan Abdul Helim, Konsep Kesaksian: Hukum Acara Perdata Di Peradilan Agama Islam (Malang: Setara Press, 2015)

Poerwadarminta, W.J.S., “Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia” (Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2011)

Qardhawi, Yusuf, Markaz Al-Mar’ah fi al-Hayah Al-Islamiyah Islamiyah, Terj. Dadang Sobar Ali, (Bandung: Pustaka setia: 2007)

Rasyid, Roihan A., Hukum Acara Peradilan Agama (Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2003)

Rusyd, Ibnu, Bidayatul Mujtahid Wa Nihayah Al-Muqtashid (Beirut: Dar al-fikr, tth), juz II h, 735

Sabiq, Sayyid, Fiqh as-Sunnah, Jilid III (Kairo: al-Fath Ilm al-'Araby, 1995)

Samudera, Teguh, Hukum Pembuktian Dalam Acara Perdata (Cet. II; Bandung: Alumni, 2004)

Shiddieqy, TM. Hasbi, Tafsir al-Qur’anul Majid an-Nur, Cet, II (Semarang: Pustaka Riki Putra, 2000)

Soekanto, Soerjono, Pengantar Penelitian Hukum, (Jakarta: UI Press, 1986), Cet. 3

Soewadji, Jusuf, Pengantar Metodologi Penelitian, (Jakarta: Mitra Wacana Medika, 2012)

Subekti dan Tjitrosudibio, Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata (Jakarta Pradays Paramita, 1999)

Sugeng, Bambang A.S., dan Sujayadi, Hukum Acara Perdata dan Dokumen Litigasi Perk Perdata (Jakarta: Kencana, 2011)

Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D, (Bandung: Alfabeta, 2011)

Suratman dan Phillips Dillah, Metode Penelitian Hukum (Bandung: Alpabeta, 2015).

Sutanto, Retnowulan, Hukum Acara dalam Praktek (Bandung: Mandar Maju, 1995)

Ulumuddin, Moh., “Kesaksian Perempuan: Telaah Terhadap Status dan Kedudukan Perempuan dalam Hukum Islam,” EGALITA 10, no. 2 (6 Desember 2017), https://doi.org/10.18860/egalita.v10i2.4548.

Umar, Nasaruddin, Argumen Kesetaraan Jender Perspektif Al-Qur’an, cet. I (Jakarta: Paramadina, 1999)

Uwaidah, Syaikh Kamil Muhammad, Al-Jami’ Fi Fiqhi An-Nisa, terj. M.Abdul Ghaffar (Jakarta: Pustaka al Kautsar, 2008)

Wadud, Amina, Quran Rereading the Savred Text from a Woman’s Perpective, terj. Abdullah Ali (Jakarta: Serambi Ilmu Semesta, 2001)

Wahid, Abdurrahman, Islam Kosmopolitan: Nilai-nilai Indonesia dan Transformasi Kebudayaan (Jakarta: the Wahid Institute, 2007)

Wahyudi, Muhamad Isna, “Nilai Pembuktian Saksi Perempuan Dalam Hukum Islam,” Musãwa Jurnal Studi Gender Dan Islam 8, no. 1 (22 Januari 2009): 113–24, https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.2009.81.

WJS. Poerwadarmita, Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia I, (Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1976)

Zamakhsyari, Ibn Muhammad, Tafsir al-Kasysyaf an Haqaiq Gawamid at-Tanzil wa Uyun al-Aqawil fi Wujuhit Tanzil, jilid 1 (Beirut-Libanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 2003)

Published

2024-04-01

How to Cite

Fanani, Z., & Ansori, A. I. (2024). Status dan Kedudukan Saksi Perempuan dalam Hukum Islam dan KUHPerdata. At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Muamalah, 12(1), 63–82. https://doi.org/10.61181/at-tahdzib.v12i1.373

Issue

Section

Articles